The political landscape of Maribor, a city in present-day Slovenia, underwent considerable change throughout the Middle Ages. Its history is marked by multiple shifts in power, strategic sieges, and societal upheavals. Below are the key developments:

Initially part of Samo’s Empire, the region later demarcated the boundary between Carantania and Lower Pannonia. In 843, it was annexed into the Frankish Empire.

To safeguard against Hungarian invasions, a castle was erected on Pyramid Hill, first mentioned on October 20, 1164, as Castrum Marchburch. A settlement started growing beneath this fortress, culminating in Maribor receiving town privileges in 1254.

Post the triumph of Rudolf I of the Habsburg dynasty over Bohemian King Otakar II in 1278, Maribor witnessed rapid growth. The town fortified itself, and sectors like trade, viticulture, and crafts expanded. Maribor had regional monopoly and also managed the viticulture trade with Carinthia.

Maribor Castle was constructed on the town’s northeastern side in 1478. King Matthias Corvinus attempted to seize the town in 1480 and 1481 but was unsuccessful.

In 1496, a decree issued by Maximilian I expelled all Jews from Maribor and Styria. The Maribor Town Hall was built in 1515, and in 1532, the town withstood an Ottoman siege.

During the 17th century, Maribor suffered several devastating fires leading to frequent rebuilding of the town.

Maribor’s historical affiliations span:

Castle is visible on top of the Hill. It doesn't exist today anymore.